Microsoft responded with its Internet Explorer in 1995, also heavily influenced by Mosaic, initiating the industry's first browser war.
The prefix of the URL, the Uniform Resource Identifier or URI, determines how the URL will be interpreted.
The most popular web browsers are Chrome, Edge (preceded by Internet Explorer The first web browser was invented in 1990 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee.
Berners-Lee is the director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which oversees the Web's continued development, and is also the founder of the World Wide Web Foundation.
In the case of http, https, file, and others, once the resource has been retrieved the web browser will display it.
HTML and associated content (image files, formatting information such as CSS, etc.) is passed to the browser's layout engine to be transformed from markup to an interactive document, a process known as "rendering".