Nissen, who investigated a large number of these temples in respect to this matter.
Among the equipments of the temple was a massive altar, sacrificial tables, movable heaths for fire, sacrificial utensils and other objects, which were dedicated at the same time as the temple.
Still the German peoples were hardly entirely without temples, any more than the Scandinavians, although these temples could only have been of wood.
The beginnings of stone temples among the Germans probably go back to the first Christian centuries and are attributable to the influence of their neighbors, the Gauls.
Consequently among the ancient Germans the conception of a grove was identified with that of a temple.
Among the Greeks, also, the worship of trees seems to be indicated by the word for temple, naos , which according to some authorities originally signified "tree" or "tree trunk".