It is also a member of formal/informal multilateral organizations including the WTO, APEC, BRIC, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, and G-20. China is arecognized nuclear weapons state and has the world'slargest standing army with thesecond-largest defense budget.China has been characterized as apotential superpower by a number of academics,military analysts,and public policy and economics analysts.Dell PA-12 Adapter The People's Republic of China is thesecond largest country in the world by land areaand is considered thethird or fourth largest in respect to total area.The uncertainty over size is related to (a) the validity of claims by China on territories such as Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract (both territories also claimed by India), Sony NP-FH100 Battery (b) how the total size of the United States is calculated: The World Factbookgives 9,826,630 km2(3,794,080 sqmi),and the Encyclopædia Britannicagives 9,522,055 km2(3,676,486 sqmi).In the same year, the PRC wasadmitted to the United Nations in place of the Republic of China for China's membership of the United Nations, and permanent membership of the Security Council.Sony VGP-BPS8 Battery After Mao's death in 1976 and the arrest of the Gang of Four, blamed for the excesses of the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping quickly wrested power from Mao's anointed successor Hua Guofeng.
HP PPP009H Adapter 1972, at the peak of the Sino-Soviet split, Mao and Zhou Enlai met Richard Nixon in Beijing to establish relations with the United States.
Dell Studio 1537 battery The economic and social plan known as the Great Leap Forward resulted in an estimated 45million deaths.
In 1966, Mao and his allies launched the Cultural Revolution, which would last until Mao's death a decade later.
As a result, under current CPC General Secretary, President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao, the PRC has initiated policies to address these issues of equitable distribution of resources, but the outcome remains to be seen. More than 40million farmers have been displaced from their land,usually for economic development, contributing to the 87,000 demonstrations and riots across China in 2005.
For much of the PRC's population, living standards have seen extremely large improvements, and freedom continues to expand, but political controls remain tight and rural areas poor.