Remains of smaller buildings identified as Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) and dating from the 9th millennium BCE have also been unearthed.
They are fitted into sockets that were hewn out of the bedrock. The details of the structure's function remain a mystery.
Presumably, this is the remains of a Roman watchtower which belonged to the Limes Arabicus. Most structures on the plateau seem to be the result of Neolithic quarrying, with the quarries being used as sources for the huge, monolithic architectural elements.
Their profiles were pecked into the rock, with the detached blocks then levered out of the rock bank.
The hill had long been under agricultural cultivation, and generations of local inhabitants had frequently moved rocks and placed them in clearance piles, which may have disturbed the upper layers of the site.
At some point attempts had been made to break up some of the pillars, presumably by farmers who mistook them for ordinary large rocks.