Vaginismus (n.) A painful spasmodic contraction of the vagina, often rendering copulation impossible. Vagrant (a.) Moving without certain direction; wandering; erratic; unsettled. Valetudinarian (n.) A person of a weak or sickly constitution; one who is seeking to recover health. Valhalla (n.) Fig.: A hall or temple adorned with statues and memorials of a nation's heroes; specifically, the Pantheon near Ratisbon, in Bavaria, consecrated to the illustrious dead of all Germany. of Valiancy Valiancy (n.) The quality or state of being valiant; bravery; valor. Ventilation (n.) The act of fanning, or winnowing, for the purpose of separating chaff and dust from the grain. Ventral (a.) Of, pertaining to, or situated near, the belly, or ventral side, of an animal or of one of its parts; hemal; abdominal; as, the ventral fin of a fish; the ventral root of a spinal nerve; -- opposed to dorsal. Venture (n.) An undertaking of chance or danger; the risking of something upon an event which can not be foreseen with certainty; a hazard; a risk; a speculation. Venus (n.) Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve shells of the genus Venus or family Veneridae. The order includes also the black and white mangroves, and many plants noted for medicinal use or for beauty of bloom. Verdant (a.) Covered with growing plants or grass; green; fresh; flourishing; as, verdant fields; a verdant lawn. of Verderor Verderor (n.) An officer who has the charge of the king's forest, to preserve the vert and venison, keep the assizes, view, receive, and enroll attachments and presentments of all manner of trespasses. Verditer (n.) Either one of two pigments (called blue verditer, and green verditer) which are made by treating copper nitrate with calcium carbonate (in the form of lime, whiting, chalk, etc.) They consist of hydrated copper carbonates analogous to the minerals azurite and malachite. Verdoy (a.) Charged with leaves, fruits, flowers, etc.; -- said of a border. Verdurous (a.) Covered with verdure; clothed with the fresh green of vegetation; verdured; verdant; as, verdurous pastures. Veretillum (n.) Any one of numerous species of club-shaped, compound Alcyonaria belonging to Veretillum and allied genera, of the tribe Pennatulacea. Verge (n.) A rod or staff, carried as an emblem of authority; as, the verge, carried before a dean. Verger (n.) One who carries a verge, or emblem of office. Verfication (n.) The act of verifying, or the state of being verified; confirmation; authentication. Verfication (n.) A formal phrase used in concluding a plea. By some writers the branchiopods, the bryzoans, and the tunicates are also included. Vermiculate (a.) Wormlike in shape; covered with wormlike elevations; marked with irregular fine lines of color, or with irregular wavy impressed lines like worm tracks; as, a vermiculate nut. Vers de societe () See Society verses, under Society. Vertebrated (a.) Of or pertaining to the Vertebrata; -- used only in the form vertebrate. Vertebro- () A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with, or relation to, a vertebra, vertebrae, or vertebral column; as in vertebrocostal. Vertical (a.) Of or pertaining to the vertex; situated at the vertex, or highest point; directly overhead, or in the zenith; perpendicularly above one. Verticality (n.) The quality or state of being vertical; verticalness. They are produced by the liberation of watery vapor in the molten mass.Vaginitis (n.) Inflammation of the vagina, or the genital canal, usually of its mucous living membrane. Vaginula (n.) A little sheath, as that about the base of the pedicel of most mosses. Vagrant (a.) Wandering from place to place without any settled habitation; as, a vagrant beggar. Valetudinarianism (n.) The condition of a valetudinarian; a state of feeble health; infirmity. Valiant (a.) Vigorous in body; strong; powerful; as, a valiant fencer. Ventilation (n.) The act of sifting, and bringing out to view or examination; free discussion; public exposure. Ventral (a.) Of or pertaining to that surface of a carpel, petal, etc., which faces toward the center of a flower. Ventricle (n.) Fig.: Any cavity, or hollow place, in which any function may be conceived of as operating. of Ventricous Ventricous (a.) Swelling out on one side or unequally; bellied; ventricular; as, a ventricose corolla. Venture (n.) An event that is not, or can not be, foreseen; an accident; chance; hap; contingency; luck. Many of these shells are large, and ornamented with beautiful frills; others are smooth, glossy, and handsomely colored. Verdant (a.) Unripe in knowledge or judgment; unsophisticated; raw; green; as, a verdant youth. Verd antique () A green porphyry called oriental verd antique. Verdict (n.) The answer of a jury given to the court concerning any matter of fact in any cause, civil or criminal, committed to their examination and determination; the finding or decision of a jury on the matter legally submitted to them in the course of the trial of a cause. Verdin (n.) A small yellow-headed bird (Auriparus flaviceps) of Lower California, allied to the titmice; -- called also goldtit. Verdure (n.) Green; greenness; freshness of vegetation; as, the verdure of the meadows in June. The whole colony can move about as if it were a simple animal. Verge (n.) The stick or wand with which persons were formerly admitted tenants, they holding it in the hand, and swearing fealty to the lord. Verge (n.) The compass of the court of Marshalsea and the Palace court, within which the lord steward and the marshal of the king's household had special jurisdiction; -- so called from the verge, or staff, which the marshal bore. Verge (n.) A border, limit, or boundary of a space; an edge, margin, or brink of something definite in extent. Verge (n.) The shaft of a column, or a small ornamental shaft. Verger (n.) An attendant upon a dignitary, as on a bishop, a dean, a justice, etc. Verificative (a.) Serving to verify; verifying; authenciating; confirming. The name was used in a still wider sense by Linnaeus and his followers. pl.) A more restricted group, comprising only the helminths and closely allied orders. Vermetus (n.) Any one of many species of marine gastropods belonging to Vermetus and allied genera, of the family Vermetidae. Vermiculate (a.) Crawling or creeping like a worm; hence, insinuating; sophistical. Verse (n.) A line consisting of a certain number of metrical feet (see Foot, n., 9) disposed according to metrical rules. Vertical (a.) Perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb; as, a vertical line. Vertically (adv.) In a vertical manner, position, or direction; perpendicularly; as, to look down vertically; to raise a thing vertically. Vertiginous (a.) Turning round; whirling; rotary; revolving; as, vertiginous motion. ) of Vertigo Vertigo (n.) Dizziness or swimming of the head; an affection of the head in which objects, though stationary, appear to move in various directions, and the person affected finds it difficult to maintain an erect posture; giddiness. Vesico- () A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with, or relation to, the bladder; as in vesicoprostatic, vesicovaginal.Value (n.) Precise signification; import; as, the value of a word; the value of a legal instrument Value (n.) Esteem; regard. Valve (n.) One of the two similar portions of the shell of a diatom. They have a caecal appendage to the stomach, in which the blood with which they gorge themselves is stored. Vanadinite (n.) A mineral occurring in yellowish, and ruby-red hexagonal crystals. Variable (n.) That which is variable; that which varies, or is subject to change. Vavasory (n.) The quality or tenure of the fee held by a vavasor; also, the lands held by a vavasor. Vaza parrot () Any one of several species of parrots of the genus Coracopsis, native of Madagascar; -- called also vasa parrot. Vegetability (n.) The quality or state of being vegetable. t.) To transfer to another person for a pecuniary equivalent; to make an object of trade; to dispose of by sale; to sell; as, to vend goods; to vend vegetables. Vandesius) native of certain lakes in Scotland and England. Vendemiaire (n.) The first month of the French republican calendar, dating from September 22, 1792. Vestal (a.) A virgin; a woman pure and chaste; also, a nun. pl.) A group of butterflies including those known as virgins, or gossamer-winged butterflies. Vested (a.) Not in a state of contingency or suspension; fixed; as, vested rights; vested interests. Vestibular (a.) Of or pertaining to a vestibule; like a vestibule. Vestige (n.) The mark of the foot left on the earth; a track or footstep; a trace; a sign; hence, a faint mark or visible sign left by something which is lost, or has perished, or is no longer present; remains; as, the vestiges of ancient magnificence in Palmyra; vestiges of former population. Vestlet (n.) Any one of several species of actinians belonging to the genus Cerianthus. t.) To prohibit; to negative; also, to refuse assent to, as a legislative bill, and thus prevent its enactment; as, to veto an appropriation bill. ) of Vetturino Vetturino (n.) One who lets or drives a vettura. Vetust (a.) Venerable from antiquity; ancient; old. Vicar (n.) One deputed or authorized to perform the functions of another; a substitute in office; a deputy. Vicarial (a.) Of or pertaining to a vicar; as, vicarial tithes. Vice-regal (a.) Of or pertaining to a viceroy or viceroyalty. Vie (n.) A contest for superiority; competition; rivalry; strife; also, a challenge; a wager. Vincentian (a.) Of or pertaining to Saint Vincent de Paul, or founded by him. Vincentian (n.) A member of certain charitable sisterhoods. Vindicative (a.) Tending to vindicate; vindicating; as, a vindicative policy. Vindicator (n.) One who vindicates; one who justifies or maintains.
Valuable (a.) Worthy; estimable; deserving esteem; as, a valuable friend; a valuable companion. Valuation (n.) The act of valuing, or of estimating value or worth; the act of setting a price; estimation; appraisement; as, a valuation of lands for the purpose of taxation. Valued (a.) Highly regarded; esteemed; prized; as, a valued contributor; a valued friend. Valvate (a.) Opening as if by doors or valves, as most kinds of capsules and some anthers. t.) To provide, as a shoe, with new upper leather; hence, to piece, as any old thing, with a new part; to repair; to patch; -- often followed by up. Vampire (n.) A blood-sucking ghost; a soul of a dead person superstitiously believed to come from the grave and wander about by night sucking the blood of persons asleep, thus causing their death. Varec (n.) The calcined ashes of any coarse seaweed used for the manufacture of soda and iodine; also, the seaweed itself; fucus; wrack. Vessel (n.) Any tube or canal in which the blood or other fluids are contained, secreted, or circulated, as the arteries, veins, lymphatics, etc. Vest (n.) An article of clothing covering the person; an outer garment; a vestment; a dress; a vesture; a robe. Vest (n.) Specifically, a waistcoat, or sleeveless body garment, for men, worn under the coat. Vest (n.) To clothe with possession; as, to vest a person with an estate; also, to give a person an immediate fixed right of present or future enjoyment of; as, an estate is vested in possession. i.) To come or descend; to be fixed; to take effect, as a title or right; -- followed by in; as, upon the death of the ancestor, the estate, or the right to the estate, vests in the heir at law. t.) To to/s back and forth; to agitate; to disquiet. t.) To make angry or annoyed by little provocations; to irritate; to plague; to torment; to harass; to afflict; to trouble; to tease. Vexatious (a.) Causing vexation; agitating; afflictive; annoying; as, a vexatious controversy; a vexatious neighbor. Vexillary () Of or pertaining to the vexillum, or upper petal of papilionaceous flowers. Vexillation (n.) A company of troops under one vexillum. Vexingly (adv.) In a vexing manner; so as to vex, tease, or irritate. Viatic (a.) Of or pertaining to a journey or traveling. pl.) More or less extensive patches of subcutaneous extravasation of blood. ) of Vibraculum Vibraculum (n.) One of the movable, slender, spinelike organs or parts with which certain bryozoans are furnished. Vibratility (n.) The quality or state of being vibratile; disposition to vibration or oscillation. ) of Vibrio Vibrio (n.) A genus of motile bacteria characterized by short, slightly sinuous filaments and an undulatory motion; also, an individual of this genus. ) of Vibrissa Vibrissa (n.) One of the specialized or tactile hairs which grow about the nostrils, or on other parts of the face, in many animals, as the so-called whiskers of the cat, and the hairs of the nostrils of man. Vimineous (a.) Producing long, slender twigs or shoots.Value (n.) The property or aggregate properties of a thing by which it is rendered useful or desirable, or the degree of such property or sum of properties; worth; excellence; utility; importance. Valve (n.) One or more membranous partitions, flaps, or folds, which permit the passage of the contents of a vessel or cavity in one direction, but stop or retard the flow in the opposite direction; as, the ileocolic, mitral, and semilunar valves. Vampire (n.) Either one of two or more species of South American blood-sucking bats belonging to the genera Desmodus and Diphylla. Vaquero (n.) One who has charge of cattle, horses, etc.; a herdsman. Varanus (n.) A genus of very large lizards native of Asia and Africa. Variable (a.) Having the capacity of varying or changing; capable of alternation in any manner; changeable; as, variable winds or seasons; a variable quantity. t.) A thin leaf or layer of a more valuable or beautiful material for overlaying an inferior one, especially such a thin leaf of wood to be glued to a cheaper wood; hence, external show; gloss; false pretense. Veneering (n.) Thin wood or other material used as a veneer. Vesta (n.) An asteroid, or minor planet, discovered by Olbers in 1807. Vestal (a.) Of or pertaining to Vesta, the virgin goddess of the hearth; hence, pure; chaste. Viable (a.) Capable of living; born alive and with such form and development of organs as to be capable of living; -- said of a newborn, or a prematurely born, infant. Vibrant (a.) Vibrating; tremulous; resonant; as, vibrant drums. The path of the particle may be in a straight line, in a circular arc, or in any curve whatever. Vibroscope (n.) An instrument resembling the phenakistoscope. Vicegerent (n.) An officer who is deputed by a superior, or by proper authority, to exercise the powers of another; a lieutenant; a vicar. ) of Viceman Viceman (n.) A smith who works at the vice instead of at the anvil. Vinaigrette (n.) A sauce, made of vinegar, oil, and other ingredients, -- used esp. Vinaigrette (n.) A small perforated box for holding aromatic vinegar contained in a sponge, or a smelling bottle for smelling salts; -- called also vinegarette. Vinasse (n.) The waste liquor remaining in the process of making beet sugar, -- used in the manufacture of potassium carbonate. Vindication (n.) The act of vindicating, or the state of being vindicated; defense; justification against denial or censure; as, the vindication of opinions; his vindication is complete.Value (n.) Worth estimated by any standard of purchasing power, especially by the market price, or the amount of money agreed upon as an equivalent to the utility and cost of anything. Valve (n.) One of the pieces into which a capsule naturally separates when it bursts. These bats are destitute of molar teeth, but have strong, sharp cutting incisors with which they make punctured wounds from which they suck the blood of horses, cattle, and other animals, as well as man, chiefly during sleep. Vanadic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, vanadium; containing vanadium; specifically distinguished those compounds in which vanadium has a relatively higher valence as contrasted with the vanadious compounds; as, vanadic oxide. Vara (n.) A Spanish measure of length equal to about one yard. Variable (a.) Liable to vary; too susceptible of change; mutable; fickle; unsteady; inconstant; as, the affections of men are variable; passions are variable. Vavasor (n.) The vassal or tenant of a baron; one who held under a baron, and who also had tenants under him; one in dignity next to a baron; a title of dignity next to a baron. i.) To change direction; to turn; to shift; as, wind veers to the west or north. t.) To direct to a different course; to turn; to wear; as, to veer, or wear, a vessel. Veery (n.) An American thrush (Turdus fuscescens) common in the Northern United States and Canada. The breast is pale buff, thickly spotted with brown. Vega (n.) A brilliant star of the first magnitude, the brightest of those constituting the constellation Lyra. Vendace (n.) A European lake whitefish (Coregonus Willughbii, or C. Vendee (n.) The person to whom a thing is vended, or sold; -- the correlative of vendor. t.) To overlay or plate with a thin layer of wood or other material for outer finish or decoration; as, to veneer a piece of furniture with mahogany. Vestal (a.) A virgin consecrated to Vesta, and to the service of watching the sacred fire, which was to be perpetually kept burning upon her altar. Viaduct (n.) A structure of considerable magnitude, usually with arches or supported on trestles, for carrying a road, as a railroad, high above the ground or water; a bridge; especially, one for crossing a valley or a gorge. Viburnum (n.) A genus of shrubs having opposite, petiolate leaves and cymose flowers, several species of which are cultivated as ornamental, as the laurestine and the guelder-rose. Vicenary (a.) Of or pertaining to twenty; consisting of twenty. Vicennial (a.) Happening once in twenty years; as, a vicennial celebration. t.) To do or produce in emulation, competition, or rivalry; to put in competition; to bandy. t.) To make vile; to debase; to degrade; to revile. Vinaigrette (n.) A small, two-wheeled vehicle, like a Bath chair, to be drawn or pushed by a boy or man. Vinatico (n.) Madeira mahogany; the coarse, dark-colored wood of the Persea Indica. t.) To lay claim to; to assert a right to; to claim. t.) To maintain or defend with success; to prove to be valid; to assert convincingly; to sustain against assault; as, to vindicate a right, claim, or title. t.) To support or maintain as true or correct, against denial, censure, or objections; to defend; to justify. t.) To maintain, as a law or a cause, by overthrowing enemies. Vindication (n.) The claiming a thing as one's own; the asserting of a right or title in, or to, a thing.Vacant (a.) Deprived of contents; not filled; empty; as, a vacant room. Vacation (n.) The intermission of the regular studies and exercises of an educational institution between terms; holidays; as, the spring vacation. Vaccine (n.) The virus of vaccinia used in vaccination. Vagabond (a.) Being a vagabond; strolling and idle or vicious. pl.) A tribe of spiders, comprising some of those which take their prey in a web, but which also frequently run with agility, and chase and seize their prey. Vagary (n.) Hence, a wandering of the thoughts; a wild or fanciful freak; a whim; a whimsical purpose. Vagina (n.) Specifically, the canal which leads from the uterus to the external orifice if the genital canal, or to the cloaca. Vagueness (n.) The quality or state of being vague. Valerone (n.) A ketone of valeric acid obtained as an oily liquid. Verberation (n.) The act of verberating; a beating or striking. Verine (n.) An alkaloid obtained as a yellow amorphous substance by the decomposition of veratrine. Verity (n.) That which is true; a true assertion or tenet; a truth; a reality. Versemonger (n.) A writer of verses; especially, a writer of commonplace poetry; a poetaster; a rhymer; -- used humorously or in contempt. Versicular (a.) Of or pertaining to verses; designating distinct divisions of a writing. Verso (n.) The reverse, or left-hand, page of a book or a folded sheet of paper; -- opposed to recto. Verst (n.) A Russian measure of length containing 3,500 English feet. Versus (prep.) Against; as, John Doe versus Richard Roe; -- chiefly used in legal language, and abbreviated to v. Vert (n.) The right or privilege of cutting growing wood. ) of Vertebra Vertebra (n.) One of the serial segments of the spinal column. Vesicle (n.) A bladderlike vessel; a membranous cavity; a cyst; a cell.Vacant (a.) Unengaged with business or care; unemployed; unoccupied; disengaged; free; as, vacant hours. Vacation (n.) The time when an office is vacant; esp. Vaccine (n.) any preparation used to render an organism immune to some disease, by inducing or increasing the natural immunity mechanisms. Vaccinium (n.) A genus of ericaceous shrubs including the various kinds of blueberries and the true cranberries. Vacillancy (n.) The quality or state of being vacillant, or wavering. Vagabond (n.) One who wanders from place to place, having no fixed dwelling, or not abiding in it, and usually without the means of honest livelihood; a vagrant; a tramp; hence, a worthless person; a rascal. i.) To play the vagabond; to wander like a vagabond; to stroll. i.) To play the vagabond; to wander about in idleness. Vagal (a.) Of or pertaining to the vagus, or pneumogastric nerves; pneumogastric. Vagarious (a.) Given to, or characterized by, vagaries; capricious; whimsical; crochety. Vagina (n.) The terminal part of the oviduct in insects and various other invertebrates. Vagina (n.) The basal expansion of certain leaves, which inwraps the stem; a sheath. Vagus (a.) Wandering; -- applied especially to the pneumogastric nerve. Valeryl (n.) The hypothetical radical C5H9O, regarded as the essential nucleus of certain valeric acid derivatives. Venule (n.) A small vein; a veinlet; specifically (Zool.), one of the small branches of the veins of the wings in insects. Venus (n.) The goddess of beauty and love, that is, beauty or love deified. t.) To strew with verbena, or vervain, as in ancient sacrifices and rites. Verberation (n.) The impulse of a body; which causes sound. t.) To prove to be true or correct; to establish the truth of; to confirm; to substantiate. t.) To confirm or establish the authenticity of by examination or competent evidence; to authenciate; as, to verify a written statement; to verify an account, a pleading, or the like. Verisimilar (a.) Having the appearance of truth; probable; likely. Veritable (a.) Agreeable to truth or to fact; actual; real; true; genuine. Verjuice (n.) The sour juice of crab apples, of green or unripe grapes, apples, etc.; also, an acid liquor made from such juice. Versed (a.) Acquainted or familiar, as the result of experience, study, practice, etc.; skilled; practiced. Versification (n.) The act, art, or practice, of versifying, or making verses; the construction of poetry; metrical composition. Versifier (n.) One who versifies, or makes verses; as, not every versifier is a poet. Vert (n.) The color green, represented in a drawing or engraving by parallel lines sloping downward toward the right. Vertebra (n.) One of the central ossicles in each joint of the arms of an ophiuran. Vertebrally (adv.) At or within a vertebra or vertebrae; -- distinguished from interverterbrally. Vesicle (n.) A small bladderlike body in the substance of vegetable, or upon the surface of a leaf.Valkyrian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Valkyrias; hence, relating to battle. Valonia (n.) A genus of marine green algae, in which the whole frond consists of a single oval or cylindrical cell, often an inch in length. Valor (n.) Strength of mind in regard to danger; that quality which enables a man to encounter danger with firmness; personal bravery; courage; prowess; intrepidity. Valorous (a.) Possessing or exhibiting valor; brave; courageous; valiant; intrepid. Valvata (n.) A genus of small spiral fresh-water gastropods having an operculum. The shells are usually oval, or somewhat heartshaped, with a conspicuous lunule. Venereous (a.) Venereal; exciting lust; aphrodisiac. Venesection (n.) The act or operation of opening a vein for letting blood; bloodletting; phlebotomy. Venous (a.) Of or pertaining to a vein or veins; as, the venous circulation of the blood. Vent (n.) Sectional area of the passage for gases divided by the length of the same passage in feet. Verbality (n.) The quality or state of being verbal; mere words; bare literal expression. So called because the scales, when heated, open out into wormlike forms. of Vermiculous Vermiculous (a.) Containing, or full of, worms; resembling worms. Vermifuge (n.) A medicine or substance that expels worms from animal bodies; an anthelmintic. The tongue is long, slender, exsertile, and very flexible, whence the name. pl.) A tribe of Old World lizards which comprises the chameleon. Vermilion (n.) A bright red pigment consisting of mercuric sulphide, obtained either from the mineral cinnabar or artificially. Vessel (n.) A general name for any hollow structure made to float upon the water for purposes of navigation; especially, one that is larger than a common rowboat; as, a war vessel; a passenger vessel. Vest (n.) To clothe with authority, power, or the like; to put in possession; to invest; to furnish; to endow; -- followed by with before the thing conferred; as, to vest a court with power to try cases of life and death. Vexation (n.) The act of vexing, or the state of being vexed; agitation; disquiet; trouble; irritation. Viand (n.) An article of food; provisions; food; victuals; -- used chiefly in the plural. Vimen (n.) A long, slender, flexible shoot or branch.Valsalvian (a.) Of or pertaining to Valsalva, an Italian anatomist of the 17th century. Valvate (a.) Resembling, or serving as, a valve; consisting of, or opening by, a valve or valves; valvular. Venous (a.) Contained in the veins, or having the same qualities as if contained in the veins, that is, having a dark bluish color and containing an insufficient amount of oxygen so as no longer to be fit for oxygenating the tissues; -- said of the blood, and opposed to arterial. Vent (n.) Fig.: Opportunity of escape or passage from confinement or privacy; outlet. Verbalization (n.) The act of verbalizing, or the state of being verbalized. Vermiform (a.) Resembling a worm in form or motions; vermicular; as, the vermiform process of the cerebellum. It has a fine red color, and is much used in coloring sealing wax, in printing, etc. Vessel (n.) Fig.: A person regarded as receiving or containing something; esp. Vest (n.) To place or give into the possession or discretion of some person or authority; to commit to another; -- with in before the possessor; as, the power of life and death is vested in the king, or in the courts. Vexation (n.) The cause of trouble or disquiet; affliction. Vexillum (n.) The upper petal of a papilionaceous flower; the standard. Viander (n.) A feeder; an eater; also, one who provides viands, or food; a host. Viary (a.) Of or pertaining to roads; happening on roads. t.) To brandish; to move to and fro; to swing; as, to vibrate a sword or a staff. t.) To mark or measure by moving to and fro; as, a pendulum vibrating seconds. t.) To affect with vibratory motion; to set in vibration. i.) To move to and fro, or from side to side, as a pendulum, an elastic rod, or a stretched string, when disturbed from its position of rest; to swing; to oscillate. i.) To have the constituent particles move to and fro, with alternate compression and dilation of parts, as the air, or any elastic body; to quiver. i.) To produce an oscillating or quivering effect of sound; as, a whisper vibrates on the ear. i.) To pass from one state to another; to waver; to fluctuate; as, a man vibrates between two opinions. Villiform (a.) Having the form or appearance of villi; like close-set fibers, either hard or soft; as, the teeth of perch are villiform. Viminal (a.) Of or pertaining to twigs; consisting of twigs; producing twigs.Valvular (a.) Of or pertaining to a valve or valves; specifically (Med.), of or pertaining to the valves of the heart; as, valvular disease. Valylene (n.) A volatile liquid hydrocarbon, C5H6, related to ethylene and acetylene, but possessing the property of unsaturation in the third degree. Vanadium (n.) A rare element of the nitrogen-phosphorus group, found combined, in vanadates, in certain minerals, and reduced as an infusible, grayish-white metallic powder. Vanadous (a.) Of or pertaining to vanadium; obtained from vanadium; -- said of an acid containing one equivalent of vanadium and two of oxygen. t.) To convert into vapor, as by the application of heat, whether naturally or artificially. Variableness (n.) The quality or state of being variable; variability. Variance (n.) The quality or state of being variant; change of condition; variation. t.) To diversify in external appearance; to mark with different colors; to dapple; to streak; as, to variegate a floor with marble of different colors. i.) To boast; to make a vain display of one's own worth, attainments, decorations, or the like; to talk ostentatiously; to brag. t.) To boast of; to make a vain display of; to display with ostentation. Vedanta (n.) A system of philosophy among the Hindus, founded on scattered texts of the Vedas, and thence termed the "Anta," or end or substance. Vedantist (n.) One versed in the doctrines of the Vedantas. Vegetable (v.) Plants without true flowers, and reproduced by minute spores of various kinds, or by simple cell division. Vegetal (a.) Of or pertaining to vegetables, or the vegetable kingdom; of the nature of a vegetable; vegetable. Vegetation (n.) The sum of vegetable life; vegetables or plants in general; as, luxuriant vegetation. i.) To move spasmodically; to twitch; as, a nerve vellicates. Venation (n.) The act or art of hunting, or the state of being hunted. Vendible (a.) Capable of being vended, or sold; that may be sold; salable. Vendition (n.) The act of vending, or selling; sale. Vendue (n.) A public sale of anything, by outcry, to the highest bidder; an auction. Vestry (n.) A parochial assembly; an assembly of persons who manage parochial affairs; -- so called because usually held in a vestry. Vetch (n.) Any leguminous plant of the genus Vicia, some species of which are valuable for fodder. Such a power may be absolute, as in the case of the Tribunes of the People in ancient Rome, or limited, as in the case of the President of the United States. Veto (n.) The exercise of such authority; an act of prohibition or prevention; as, a veto is probable if the bill passes. Vicarious (prep.) Acting of suffering for another; as, a vicarious agent or officer. Vice (n.) A defect; a fault; an error; a blemish; an imperfection; as, the vices of a political constitution; the vices of a horse. The larvae feed on willow, poplar, and apple trees. Vichy water () A mineral water found at Vichy, France. Vicinity (n.) That which is near, or not remote; that which is adjacent to anything; adjoining space or country; neighborhood. Vicious (a.) Characterized by vice or defects; defective; faulty; imperfect. Victoria (n.) A genus of aquatic plants named in honor of Queen Victoria. videre, to see; -- used to direct attention to something; as, vide supra, see above. View (n.) Mental survey; intellectual perception or examination; as, a just view of the arguments or facts in a case. Viewless (a.) Not perceivable by the eye; invisible; unseen. of Viewsome Viewsome (a.) Pleasing to the sight; sightly. Village (n.) A small assemblage of houses in the country, less than a town or city. Villain (n.) A baseborn or clownish person; a boor. Villainous (a.) Proceeding from, or showing, extreme depravity; suited to a villain; as, a villainous action. ) of Villanella Villanella (n.) An old rustic dance, accompanied with singing. Vincibleness (n.) The quality or state of being vincible. Vinculum (n.) A band or bundle of fibers; a fraenum. Vineal (a.) Of or pertaining to vines; containing vines. Vined (a.) Having leaves like those of the vine; ornamented with vine leaves. Vintage (n.) The act or time of gathering the crop of grapes, or making the wine for a season. Vintaging (n.) The act of gathering the vintage, or crop of grapes.Valvular (a.) Containing valves; serving as a valve; opening by valves; valvate; as, a valvular capsule. It is the only known member of a distinct series of compounds. Vambrace (n.) The piece designed to protect the arm from the elbow to the wrist. It is intermediate between the metals and the non-metals, having both basic and acid properties. Vanadyl (n.) The hypothetical radical VO, regarded as a characterized residue of certain vanadium compounds. Variance (n.) Difference that produce dispute or controversy; disagreement; dissension; discord; dispute; quarrel. Variation (n.) The act of varying; a partial change in the form, position, state, or qualities of a thing; modification; alternation; mutation; diversity; deviation; as, a variation of color in different lights; a variation in size; variation of language. Variegated (a.) Having marks or patches of different colors; as, variegated leaves, or flowers. Vaunt (n.) A vain display of what one is, or has, or has done; ostentation from vanity; a boast; a brag. Vedette (n.) A sentinel, usually on horseback, stationed on the outpost of an army, to watch an enemy and give notice of danger; a vidette. Vegetal (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, that class of vital phenomena, such as digestion, absorption, assimilation, secretion, excretion, circulation, generation, etc., which are common to plants and animals, in distinction from sensation and volition, which are peculiar to animals. Vegetality (n.) The quality or state of being vegetal, or vegetable. Vegetation (n.) An exuberant morbid outgrowth upon any part, especially upon the valves of the heart. Vellication () The act of twitching, or of causing to twitch. Venal (a.) Of or pertaining to veins; venous; as, venal blood. of Venatical Venatical (a.) Of or pertaining to hunting; used in hunting. Venation (n.) The arrangement or system of veins, as in the wing of an insect, or in the leaves of a plant. Venatorial (a.) Or or pertaining to hunting; venatic. Vendible (n.) Something to be sold, or offered for sale. Vendor (n.) A vender; a seller; the correlative of vendee. Vestry (n.) A body, composed of wardens and vestrymen, chosen annually by a parish to manage its temporal concerns. ) of Vestryman Vestryman (n.) A member of a vestry; especially (Prot. Veto (n.) A document or message communicating the reasons of the executive for not officially approving a proposed law; -- called also veto message. Vicarious (prep.) Performed of suffered in the place of another; substituted; as, a vicarious sacrifice; vicarious punishment. Vice (n.) A moral fault or failing; especially, immoral conduct or habit, as in the indulgence of degrading appetites; customary deviation in a single respect, or in general, from a right standard, implying a defect of natural character, or the result of training and habits; a harmful custom; immorality; depravity; wickedness; as, a life of vice; the vice of intemperance. Viceroyalty (n.) The dignity, office, or jurisdiction of a viceroy. It is essentially an effervescent solution of sodium, calcium, and magnetism carbonates, with sodium and potassium chlorides; also, by extension, any artificial or natural water resembling in composition the Vichy water proper. Vicious (a.) Addicted to vice; corrupt in principles or conduct; depraved; wicked; as, vicious children; vicious examples; vicious conduct. The Victoria regia is a native of Guiana and Brazil. n.) of Victual Victualling () of Victual Victual (v. Victualer (n.) One who keeps a house of entertainment; a tavern keeper; an innkeeper. of Vicugna Vicugna (n.) A South American mammal (Auchenia vicunna) native of the elevated plains of the Andes, allied to the llama but smaller. Vidame (n.) One of a class of temporal officers who originally represented the bishops, but later erected their offices into fiefs, and became feudal nobles. Videlicet (adv.) To wit; namely; -- often abbreviated to viz. Vidonia (n.) A dry white wine, of a tart flavor, produced in Teneriffe; -- called also Teneriffe. View (n.) Power of seeing, either physically or mentally; reach or range of sight; extent of prospect. Viewy (a.) Having peculiar views; fanciful; visionary; unpractical; as, a viewy person. t.) To value lightly; to depreciate; to slight; to despise. Villain (n.) A vile, wicked person; a man extremely depraved, and capable or guilty of great crimes; a deliberate scoundrel; a knave; a rascal; a scamp. Villainous (a.) Sorry; mean; mischievous; -- in a familiar sense. ) of Villainy Villainy (n.) The quality or state of being a villain, or villainous; extreme depravity; atrocious wickedness; as, the villainy of the seducer. Villanelle (n.) A poem written in tercets with but two rhymes, the first and third verse of the first stanza alternating as the third verse in each successive stanza and forming a couplet at the close. Vinculum (n.) A commissure uniting the two main tendons in the foot of certain birds. Vindemiation (n.) The operation of gathering grapes. Vinedresser (n.) One who cultivates, prunes, or cares for, grapevines; a laborer in a vineyard. Vineyard (n.) An inclosure or yard for grapevines; a plantation of vines producing grapes. Vingt et un () A game at cards, played by two or more persons. Vintner (n.) One who deals in wine; a wine seller, or wine merchant. Viny (a.) Of or pertaining to vines; producing, or abounding in, vines.Validness (n.) The quality or state of being valid. Vallatory (a.) Of or pertaining to a vallation; used for a vallation; as, vallatory reads. ) of Vallecula Vallecula (n.) A groove; a fossa; as, the vallecula, or fossa, which separates the hemispheres of the cerebellum. Venereal (a.) Arising from sexual intercourse; as, a venereal disease; venereal virus or poison. Vengeance (n.) Punishment inflicted in return for an injury or an offense; retribution; -- often, in a bad sense, passionate or unrestrained revenge. Venomous (a.) Noxious; mischievous; malignant; spiteful; as, a venomous progeny; a venomous writer. Venter (n.) The belly; the abdomen; -- sometimes applied to any large cavity containing viscera. Venter (n.) A belly, or protuberant part; a broad surface; as, the venter of a muscle; the venter, or anterior surface, of the scapula. Verbal (a.) Expressed in words, whether spoken or written, but commonly in spoken words; hence, spoken; oral; not written; as, a verbal contract; verbal testimony. Vermiculation (n.) A very fine wavy crosswise color marking, or a patch of such markings, as on the feathers of birds. Vernacularly (adv.) In a vernacular manner; in the vernacular. Vesicularia (n.) Any one of numerous species of marine Bryozoa belonging to Vesicularia and allied genera. Vesiculate (a.) Bladdery; full of, or covered with, bladders; vesicular. Vespa (n.) A genus of Hymenoptera including the common wasps and hornets.Valinch (n.) A tube for drawing liquors from a cask by the bunghole. Vallecula (n.) One of the grooves, or hollows, between the ribs of the fruit of umbelliferous plants. Venerability (n.) The quality or state of being venerable; venerableness. Venereal (a.) Adapted to the cure of venereal diseases; as, venereal medicines. Venose (a.) Having numerous or conspicuous veins; veiny; as, a venose frond. Vent (n.) A small aperture; a hole or passage for air or any fluid to escape; as, the vent of a cask; the vent of a mold; a volcanic vent. t.) To let out at a vent, or small aperture; to give passage or outlet to. t.) To suffer to escape from confinement; to let out; to utter; to pour forth; as, to vent passion or complaint. Venter (n.) The lower part of the abdomen in insects. Verbal (a.) Consisting in, or having to do with, words only; dealing with words rather than with the ideas intended to be conveyed; as, a verbal critic; a verbal change. Vermicule (n.) A small worm or insect larva; also, a wormlike body. & pl.) A noxious or mischievous animal; especially, noxious little animals or insects, collectively, as squirrels, rats, mice, flies, lice, bugs, etc. They have delicate tubular cells attached in clusters to slender flexible stems. Vesper (n.) The evening star; Hesper; Venus, when seen after sunset; hence, the evening. ) of Villus Villus (n.) One of the minute papillary processes on certain vascular membranes; a villosity; as, villi cover the lining of the small intestines of many animals and serve to increase the absorbing surface.