Early medieval horses from the second half of the 9th – beginning of the 10th cc. All of the above indicates the possible military, or druzhina, nature of the site.
Fragmentation of Kufic coins (based on materials from the Middle and Lower Oka regions) Gomzin A. Key words: The article analyzes the fragmented Kufic coins from 9th – early 11th-century hoards and single finds in the Middle and Lower Oka regions.
The author concludes that the burial near Orsk belongs to the Sintashta type of sites, and Ishkinovka 1 cemetery to the early Alakul cultural type. A new chronological horizon of antiquities has been discovered on the territory in question, dating to the first half and the middle of the 1st millennium AD.The author identifies the types of damage to the coins and the possible purpose of such damage.Analysis of whole and fragmented coins with various types of damage (apertures, loops, graffiti, etc) allows assuming that some of that damage testifies to the movement of the dirhams along the trading routes inside Eastern Europe, and that the movement was not transit.A series of earthquakes probably warned residents that the situation was dire and they likely packed up and left, since no bodies have been found on the Akrotiri site on Santorini.The volume of matter ejected from the volcano is thought to have been up to four times what was blown into the stratosphere by Krakatau in 1883.1600-197 BC: Periodic bursts of a plethora of lava create a large underwater volcanic mountain, the peaks of which are the Kamenes islands (Mikri Kameni and Nea Kameni).197 BC: The formation of the post-Minoan Kameni islands.The devastating Bronze Age eruption is now considered one of the biggest volcanic eruptions on Earth in the last several thousand years.Because the closest civilization to Thera at the time was Minoan Crete, this eruption is often called the «Minoan eruption.» Before the eruption, the caldera formed a nearly continuous ring with the only entrance between the tiny island of Aspronisi and Thera.Strabo, an ancient writer, first mentions volcanic eruptions inside the caldera and describes the emergence of a new small island in 197 BC.Eight eruptive phases follow, eventually making the two islands of Palaia Kameni and Mikri Kameni into one island (Nea Kameni), but until 1950, none of them causes any major problems to local residents.