Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) incidence is a risk factor as is infection and other complications.
The IUD can literally implant itself in the uterine wall which can also become a problem during removal. A patient of a colleague of mine had a sibling die from such a complication.
While Mirena can help with menstrual bleeding, Paraguard has been linked with heavier periods and painful cramps.
It is slightly less effective than Mirena but it can remain in for up to twice as long – ten years.
Though the drug companies, researchers, and physicians say that the most common side effect is expulsion, (sometimes because of improper insertion by the doctor), a woman’s body is not meant to have a piece of metal constantly irritating her uterus – especially for five, if not ten years.
Although most studies point to only risk factors in women with Wilson’s Disease, (a genetic disease of copper overload), copper acts similarly as any other metal (mineral) when it is out of balance in the body.
Then there is a copper IUD which is sold under the brand name Paraguard.
Some countries outside the US, UK, Canada, and China still use an inert IUD made of stainless steel but it’s not as effective as the copper or hormonal IUD.
But their problems, in my opinion, are far underestimated, reported, and realized.
There is some evidence to support this, and I will share this with you.