Texas Revolution, also called War of Texas Independence, War fought from October 1835 to April 1836 between Mexico and Texas colonists that resulted in Texas’s independence from Mexico and the founding of the Republic of Texas (1836–45).
Although the Texas Revolution was bookended by the Battles of Gonzales and San Jacinto, armed conflict and political turmoil that pitted Texians (Anglo-American settlers of the Mexican state of Coahuila and Texas) and Tejanos (Texans of mixed Mexican and Indian descent) against the forces of the Mexican government had occurred intermittently since at least 1826.
In the first week of December, with Mexican forces divided between the town and the Alamo mission, the Texans began a house-to-house assault that ended with the surrender on December 11 of Cos and the Mexican forces, who, when paroled, withdrew south of the Rio Grande.
Determined to punish the rebellious Texans, whom he viewed as pirates who deserved to be executed, Santa Anna mounted a campaign to demonstrate his power by exacting the same kind of retribution upon them that he had visited upon Zacatecas.
Other issues and events contributed to that conflict, which became known as the Anahuac Disturbance of 1832.
On March 1, the first day of the convention, a committee began drafting a declaration of independence; on March 2 the declaration was presented and adopted; and on March 3 the delegates began signing it.
Among those drawn to the Alamo was legendary frontiersman and onetime Tennessee congressman Davy Crockett.
The Alamo defenders’ hope for reinforcements was dramatically reflected in the letter requesting support from Texans and Americans that Travis sent into the world; however, only about 30 additional troops would arrive before the battle.
In command of an army that would eventually grow to perhaps more than 7,000 troops, he began a march northward that was made more difficult by unusually cold weather.
Having crossed the Rio Grande in the first days of 1836, he advanced on San Antonio, which seemed a less likely military objective than Goliad, where the great preponderance of the Texas forces were deployed.