Similar forms exist in Lithuanian puižė and Irish puisín or puiscín.The etymology of this word is unknown, but it may have simply arisen from a sound used to attract a cat.when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines.They are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin.The origin of the English word cat (Old English catt) and its counterparts in other Germanic languages (such as German Katze), descended from Proto-Germanic *kattōn-, is controversial.It has traditionally thought to be a borrowing from Late Latin cattus "domestic cat", from catta (used around 75 AD by Martial), The Late Latin word is generally thought to originate from an Afro-Asiatic language, but every proposed source word has presented problems.Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by neutering, as well as the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, requiring population control.In certain areas outside cats' native range, this has contributed, along with habitat destruction and other factors, to the extinction of many bird species.
When it overpowers its prey, a cat delivers a lethal neck bite with its two long canine teeth, inserting them between two of the prey's vertebrae and severing its spinal cord, causing irreversible paralysis and death.
Cats, despite being solitary hunters, are a social species, and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (mewing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling and grunting) as well as cat pheromones and types of cat-specific body language.
Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy.
The premolar and first molar together compose the carnassial pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently shears meat into small pieces, like a pair of scissors.
These are vital in feeding, since cats' small molars cannot chew food effectively, and cats are largely incapable of mastication.