Married couples received a calendar that stated information about the best days for fertility; this information was usually given only to the bride, although the groom sometimes received it.
As producing children was considered a duty, families sometimes intervened.
In contrast, 49.9% of male high school students reported masturbating.
For parents, 75.2% were positive about their own masturbation.
The aforementioned societal norms began to be enforced during the Joseon Dynasty.
For instance, chastity of widows were enforced by forbidding the sons and grandsons of remarried women from taking the Gwageo. In the family, women were expected to take care of the family finances.
The education was focused on methods of becoming pregnant and consequent reproduction.
Women from lower class had jobs such as mudang, or shamans; folk healer; kisaeng.
Female shamans outnumbered male shamans, and women were usually only examined by women folk healers.
Prenatal care was considered important and was given even before conception.
The traditional lack of information and education concerning sexual issues is currently conflicting with Western viewpoints of sexuality, and can be seen through the increasing rates of teenage pregnancy and sexual abuse.